NEW RESOURCE FOR OSTOMY CARE
Janice Beitz, Professor of Nursing
Nurses caring for ostomy patients can now use the first comprehensive guide to optimize ostomy management and enhance patient safety thanks to Janice Beitz, who specializes in acute and chronic wound, ostomy, and continence care. Beitz was part of a research team that developed a step-by-step aid that allows nurses to properly assess ostomy patients and their needs. She also is developing an interactive online version of the algorithm for use on computers and mobile devices. In October 2013, Beitz was inducted as a fellow of the American Academy of Nursing, joining a distinguished group of more than 2,000 academy fellows — including three other Rutgers–Camden nursing scholars — as leaders in nursing education, management, practice and research.
CHALLENGING TAX CODE CONSTITUTIONALITY
David Vance, Clinical Assistant Professor of Accounting
In his paper, “Is the Federal Income Tax Code Unconstitutionally Vague?” published in the Mustang Journal of Law and Legal Studies, David Vance suggests that the tax code is so complex, burdensome, and ambiguous that it is unconstitutional. He suggests eliminating alternative calculations, supplemental forms and worksheets, and setting a strict limit on the length of the tax code would erase that problem.
WORKING TOWARD NEW ANESTHETICS WITH LIMITED SIDE EFFECTS
Grace Brannigan, Assistant Professor of Physics
A collaborative research effort to unlock some of the mysteries behind general anesthetics is underway, and Rutgers-Camden researcher Grace Brannigan is on that team. The National Institutes of Health is funding the project and Brannigan is using computer simulations and three-dimensional modeling of proteins to predict how the anesthetics and proteins interact with each other. The work could lead to the development of new anesthetics that improve how they work and potentially limit side effects.
HELPING TEEN GIRLS FIGHT DEPRESSION AND OBESITY
Naomi Marmorstein, Professor of Psychology
Depression and obesity have long been associated, but how they relate over time is less clear. New research from Naomi Marmorstein, a professor of psychology at Rutgers–Camden, shows that adolescent females who experience one of the disorders are at a greater risk for the other as they get older. Marmorstein’s article, “Obesity and depression in adolescence and beyond: reciprocal risks,” recently was published in the International Journal of Obesity.
Lauren Grodstein, Associate Professor of English
The director of the master of fine arts in creative writing program at Rutgers–Camden,Lauren Grodstein is a critically acclaimed author, whose most recent novel, The Explanation for Everything (Algonquin, 2013), was selected as one of Amazon.com’s Best Books of the Month and an editor’s choice on BookBrowse.com. In this ambitious work, the ongoing debate between Darwinism and intelligent design sets the pivot points for a moving tale of life, love, morality and forgiveness. Grodstein is also the author of The New York Times bestseller, A Friend of the Family (Algonquin, 2009), which was an editor’s pick by The New York Times, The Washington Post Book of the Year, and an Amazon.com Spotlight Pick and Best Book of the Month. Her works have been translated into German, Italian, French, Turkish, and other languages, and her essays and stories have been widely anthologized.
HELPING FAMILIES TO THRIVE
J.J. Cutuli, Assistant Professor of Psychology
As a visiting scholar at the People’s Emergency Center in Philadelphia, J.J. Cutuli is part of a program that brings together academically talented researchers, and establishes a network of public and nonprofit agencies, to assist the center in its mission to provide comprehensive support services for women and children who are experiencing homelessness, revitalize the West Philadelphia neighborhood, and advocate for social justice. The role utilizes Cutuli’s expertise researching children and families who experience high levels of adversity, such as homelessness, maltreatment, and poverty, while helping the center better understand families’ needs and how programs meet – or might better meet – these needs.
HELPING TO FIGHT CRIME IN TRENTON
Louis Tuthill, Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice
This Rutgers-Camden scholar serves as the research leader for an innovative policing program in New Jersey’s capital city called the Trenton Violence Reduction Program. The initiative moves away from a purely deterrent model of policing and attempts to help repeat offenders from committing further crimes. Targeted gang members are provided a balanced message of deterrence – that ongoing criminal activity will be investigated and prosecuted aggressively, including through the U.S. Attorney’s Office – with the opportunity to utilize social services that can aid the individual in getting needed assistance in areas such as counseling, substance abuse treatment, and employment training. The three-year program is funded by a more than $1.1 million grant from the New Jersey State Attorney General’s office and is run jointly by Tuthill; the Trenton Police Department (TPD); and The College of New Jersey (TCNJ) Bonner Center for Civic and Community Engagement. The Trenton Violence Reduction Strategy was developed by Tuthill in collaboration with the TPD and TCNJ, taking into account the available resources in Trenton. Tuthill previously had overseen the research for deterrent-policing strategies, such as Boston Ceasefire and Chicago Ceasefire, as a social science analyst for the U.S. Department of Justice.
IDENTIFYING TRENDS IN AMERICAN POVERTY
Paul Jargowsky, Professor of Public Policy
The director of the Center for Urban Research and Education (CURE) at Rutgers–Camden recently authored an illuminating report, Concentration of Poverty in the New Millennium, which reveals that concentrated poverty has increased by 50 percent since 2000, and more than 11 million Americans now reside in neighborhoods where at least two in every five households live below the poverty line. Conducted by CURE and The Century Foundation, the study is the first to compare the 2000 census data with the 2007-11 American Community Survey. The report reveals the extent to which concentrated poverty – defined as census tracts where more than 40 percent of households live below the federal poverty threshold – has returned to, and in some ways exceeded, the previous peak level of 1990. The increase in concentrated poverty was highest in the Midwest, which experienced a 132 percent increase in the number of people living in high-poverty neighborhoods, to 2.7 million, followed by the South, which suffered a 66 percent increase, to 4.6 million. The study also shows that concentrated poverty continues to affect black and Hispanic communities disproportionately, with these populations together comprising 67 percent of the 11 million Americans living in high-poverty neighborhoods. The report further reveals that increases in concentrated poverty occurred not in the major cities, but rather in small to mid-sized metropolitan areas.
WINNING THE GOLD FOR LEGAL ACCESSIBILITY
Jay Feinman, Distinguished Professor of Law
Gold medals don’t come without effort. For Jay Feinman, his legal career has been nothing short of herculean. And the New Jersey Association for Justice has taken notice. The group has recognized the Rutgers Law–Camden scholar with a Gold Medal for Distinguished Service, acknowledging Feinman’s various academic and professional contributions that include seven books, more than 50 articles, and national and international presentations as indicative of how he has helped make the law more accessible to the general public.
CHARTING LAW AND NEUROSCIENCE
Dennis Patterson, Board of Governors Professor of Law
Dennis Patterson’s book Mind, Brains, and Law: The Conceptual Foundations of Law and Neuroscience (Oxford, 2014), written with co-author Michael S. Pardo, represents the first monograph on the exploration of the intersection of law and neuroscience. Thanks to the development of new technologies like functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, “Neurolaw” has become the fastest-growing interdisciplinary focus of legal, scholarly, and policy attention. Predicted by many to dominate all aspects of the legal system, neuroscience has provided new empirical data that Patterson argues will, in time, offer many prospects for the law, but for now cautions on its far-reaching claims. “There are many conceptual, legal, and practical issues yet to be resolved,” notes Patterson, who teaches the course Law and Neuroscience at Rutgers Law–Camden, where he recently hosted an international conference on the topic.