The Primitive Crusoe, 1719-1780.
The sole illustration of the first edition of Robinson Crusoe (1719) was a frontispiece portrait of Crusoe, the supposed author of the book, engraved by John Clark (fl. 1710-1720) and John Pine (1690-1756) after the design of an unknown artist. Volume 2, The Farther Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1719), included a map of the world showing the route of Crusoe's travels. Volume 3, Serious Reflections During the Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe (1720), featured a map of Crusoe's island, signed by Clark and Pine. Six unsigned plates first appeared in the sixth edition (1722), which were reprinted in the next nine editions published by W. Taylor until the plates were re-engraved by John Lodge for the fifteenth edition (1778). These plates are considered "primitive" not only because they were the first illustrations of the English-language version of the novel, but because the crudely-drawn pictures offer little insight into the action of the story or Crusoe's emotional development. page 2